Singha is believed to be linked all the way back at Indonesia, where it is one of the first nations to seriously believe in the mythical creature. There said that the Singha is actually an apotropaic creature that comes from the mythology told and made popular first by the people of Batak who reside in the North of Sumatra. The Sigha was described by the Batak’s to hold three aspects of three animals, which are the Human, the Buffalo, and the Lizard. There are also other beliefs that the Singha is actually a mix of other animals, some involving humans, and some don’t. But, what many legends on Singha have in common is that the creature holds the properties of having a long face with large eyes, the Singha has a nose that is sharp and long, and a beard that grows long under its face that gives it the Lion look. In some legends, the Singha also has protectors that stand on top of the head or body of the Singha, where these protectors are referred to as those who serves Singha and those who protect him, depending on each legend it varies. The Thai version of the mythical creature, has no protectors or servers on its head. These figures that are sometimes seen mounted onto the Singha is referred to as mounted onto the Singha. The body of the Singha as told by the Batak people is often thick then thins down to a tail with a sharp end.



            The word Sigha itself does not come from Indonesia, but in fact comes from the ancient language of Sanskrit “Singa” simple translating to “Lion”. The Batak people see the name Singa as magical and predominant. They and other nations in asia in no way view the mythical creature as an animal or belonging to the zoological group, the creature is referred to as magical, sacred, and holding higher power. The Singha is also believed strongly to be a representation of the Boru Saniang Naga, popularly referred to as Naga. The Naga is derived from the religions of Buddhism and Hindu Mythologies, they believe the Naga is a primeval water serpent. Although both establish a clear similarity in terms of the belief of the magical creature, the establishment of using Singha as the name that refers to the mythical creature is currently unknown.


            Many must wonder then how and where Singapore got its name from, after all the white statue of Merlion shooting out water is the main landmark of the nation and is similar to the Singha creature in some aspects. The significance must be so large and in high importance, for the nation to be named with Singa. There is a legend that is told to Singaporeans since childhood, this is the legend that tells of how Singapore received its name. The story begins with Sang Nila Utama who was the prince of the Sumatran Srivijaya Empire. Believed to be around the years 1200s he was sailing in the ocean, while doing this on the waters surrounding Singapore. He came to an island in order to hunt and chase a deer, as he chased the dear he ran to the top of the island and far away he sighted another island that was located right across from the island that he was on. The island that he saw had such bright sand lining the beaches, that he thought that it looked like a sheet of cloth. At that time this is when the prince heard of the name Temasek which is the traditional name of Singapore. The prince felt that there was an attraction that drew him to the island across. So he went on his ship with the goal in mind to directly go to Temasek. As he was sailing, out of nowhere there was a violent storm that happened around the boat of the prince. He looked for ways in which to help the boat from sinking or crashing from the violent attacks of the storm. So he told his people to throw away heavy items that was making the boat heavy away into the ocean. After doing so, the violent storm was still in strong motion and no matter what the prince and his crew did, the storm just wouldn't settle down or decrease in violence. After becoming so frustrated, the prince took off his crown from his head and threw it in the ocean. As soon as he did so, the storm called down and the boat was now safe at sea.


            The prince continues with his goal and finally he made it onto Temasek all in one piece. The prince decided to continue to hunt, as that was the activity that he was doing at the island before coming to Temasek. He saw a golden creature moving from far away. This caught his eye and he wondered what it was, the Minister of the prince answered the prince that this creature is in fact a Lion and that another name was “Singha” which is the traditional name of the Lion. The prince felt a connection to the Lion that he saw, he took this as a blessing to his arrival on the island. He then continued to stay on the island and called the city “Singapura” that can be translated to “The city of the Lion” to this day. 


            Although Singapore didn't actually have lions in the past, we know that the Malayan tigers used to exist here. Where today, when one visits Singapore, you would definitely need to go to see the famous Merlion to properly achieve being at Singapore. The Merlion is a symbol of Singapore's Strength and the Nation's confidence. The Merlion is located right at beginning of the river, where you can sit down at the elevated seats available and have a relaxing moment with the Merlion.


            For Thailand, The Singha that is popularly seen here in statues and amulets are totally different from the shape of the Singha that is believed by the Batak people in Indonesia. Where there is long and holding a mix of three animals, including the human, buffalo, and lizard. But for Thailand, the Singha here is derived from the animals in the Himmapan Jungle. The Singha that is from the Himmapan jungle all have a similar shape that includes four legs, while some have two tails. All of them all have an elegance, bright colors and patterns on them, with most having flame like shapes on top of the head. A large number of the animals in the Himmapan jungle is in the category of the Singha. The Singha is a gratuitous animal that holds strong elegance along with a beast figure. According to the legend of the Singha in the Himmapan jungle, there are 2 main groups of Singha that is later separated into the types of Singha. The first Category is the Ratchasee and Secondly, is Singha Pasom. The Ratchasee is a very powerful group of Singha’s, in this group there are 4 types of Ratchasee Singha’s including, 1. Buntu Ratchasee, 2. Karnseeha Ratchasee, 3. Krai Sorn Ratchasee, and 4. Tinseeha Ratchasee. For the second category Singha Pasom, that can be translated to mixed Singhas, there are many Singha’s that exist in this category within the Himmapan jungle. This is because SinghaPasom includes other animals that have been mixed with the Singha’s, making the expansion large category. Where in this article, we will look at some and the properties of each Ratchasee and Singha Pasom.




            The Ratchasee as we know includes 4 Ratchasee Singha’s. The first one is the Buntu Ratchasee, the vision of each Ratchasee is stunning and can be said to be 100% Singha. The Buntu Ratchasee has rich golden skin with the size of a young Cow and consumes only meat, it is a fierce hunter that consumes every animal, even the big ones, including Buffalo, Dear, and Humans. Next, is the Karnseeha Ratchasee, it has absolute black skin with the size of a full grown Cow and eats only vegetables and fruits. The Karnseeha has powerful strength especially in its legs and the scream itself can harm other animals if it wants to. The third Ratchasee, the Krai Sorn is one of the strongest Ratchasee with a mane around its neck, its lips, tails, and nails are bright red. Making it very extravagant and beautiful. The Krai Sorn consumes animals of all sizes. Lastly of Ratchasee’s is the Tinseeha, this Ratchasee has bright red skin and consumes only vegetables and fruits. The most unique aspect other than the skin of the Tinseeha is that it has the feet similarly to a horse, but there is no mix of the horse in it.


            There is a large number of the types of Singha Pasom, because these Singha’s are a mix with other animals. Because of this factor it makes each of them very unique, to shorten the length and give you the idea of some of the Singha Pasom’s we will take a look at three types. Firstly, is the Kotchasee, this Singha is a mix with the Elephant. The Kotchasee has an Elephant head and the powers that it has is both of the SIngha and the Elephant combined. Therefor, it could be said that this Singha could possibly be one of the strongest Singha’s. Secondly, is the KraiSorn Paksa that is a mix with a bird. This Singha has light green skin with scales and the head of an eagle, one of the most unique aspects about the KraiSorn Paksa is the Wings that expand from its shoulders outwards to the length of its tail. Lastly, is one of the most common Singha's that can be seen in almost every Chinese temple across Asia. This is the Singtoh Jeen, that is translated to Chinese Dragon. This Singha has long hair all over its body, a very long body that curves, a long beard from its chin, big eyebrows above its eye. The Chinese Dragon can be seen oftenly with bright red skin and gold trimmings, while sometimes there is also green above its head and feet.


            The Singha in many Nations including Thailand, is often turned into items such as ornaments, Talismans and amulets. This is a result from the result of the belief based on the mythical creature. For ornaments, the Singha is printed and shaped as many various objects of all sizes. Such as containers, jewelry, Singha amulets, coffins, and more. Some home owners in Thailand choose to place a big Singha stone image that is usually in pairs in front of their entrance. This is because they believe that the Singha will chase the enemies and any evil away that tries to enter the personal home. In Batak, there even houses that are shaped as the Singha. This is due to the strong legend and tales of the Singha told inside the community of the Batak people that has made Singha become a substantial part of their lives. And, also because shape of the Singha is believed to drive away any negative energy that might try to enter or affect the Barak people. The Batak people call this exercise or shaping or carving the house into Singha “Singha ni ruma” that can be translated to “Singa of the house”. It can be summarised from this fact that the Singha holds strong powers of absolute protection from evil, bad spirits, and bodily harm.